Wednesday, April 16, 2014

COPD Comorbidities

Since the number of pre-existing co-morbidities in patient's with COPD is associated with increased hospital mortality, I thought I would make a list of some of the most common COPD co-morbidities, many of which are caused by increased inflammatory mediators in the circulation as a result of inhaling cigarette smoke.
  1. Hypertension
  2. Diabetes
  3. Coronary artery disease
  4. Congested Heart Failure
  5. Pulmonary infections such as pneumonia
  6. Cancer
  7. Pulmonary Vascular Disease
  8. Atrial Fibrillation
  9. Skeletal Muscle wasting and cachexia
  10. Osteoporosis
  11. Normocytic anemia
  12. Metabolic syndrome
  13. Depression
  14. Confusion and Dementia
There are also other co-morbidities that are associated with increased mortality risk.
  1. Chronic Renal Failure
  2. Cor Pulmonale
  3. Pulmonary Vascular Disease
References:

  1. Hanania, Nicola A., Amir Sharafkhaneh, editors, “COPD: A Guide to Diagnosis and Clinical Management,” 2011, New York, London, Springer, Dordrecht Heidelberg, pages 9-10
  2. Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD), “Global Strategy for the Diagnosis, Management, and Prevention of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease,” updated 2014, http://www.goldcopd.org/uploads/users/files/GOLD_Report2014_Feb07.pdf, accessed 4/10/14, page 7
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2 comments:

Anonymous said...

This is very good! Between you and RespTherapy, I get all the necessary RT education. You have great reading material and he has great videos on youtube.

john bottrell said...

Thank you!!!!