The Phoenicians invented writing even before the Sumerians invented Cuneiform and before the Egyptians invented hieroglyphics. Even while their written language was primitive, it created a basic system that people could later advance and improve upon. The Phoenician writing system, therefore, was the basic model for letters of all later people. (Baas, page 29)
Thus, it might have been due to the wisdom of the Phoenicians that even gave medicine a chance to evolve around the Tigris, Euphrates and Nile Rivers. So it was the assimilation of the Phoenicians, and not just the Chaldeans, who helped the Babylonians advance medicine.
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